Efforts of Ambitious LCCP Scenario for FOLU Net Sink 2030

Indonesia, as one of the countries participating in the 2015 Conference of Parties to the Climate Change Convention in Paris (COP 21 UNFCCC), has ratified the Paris Agreement through Undang-Undang No 16 of 2016 concerning Ratification of the Paris Agreement on the Framework Convention United Nations Work on Climate Change. To ensure the achievement of the goals of the Paris Agreement, the Indonesian government has established a climate-resilient, Long-Term Low Emissions Strategy through the LTS-LCCR 2050 document. The document contains the most ambitious scenario, the Low Carbon Scenario, which is Compatible with the Paris Agreement target (LCCP). With the target in 2030, Indonesia will achieve GHG emission reductions from all sectors of 1,244 million tons of CO2e or equivalent to 4.23 tons of CO2e per capita. The Forest and Other Land Use (FOLU) sector itself has an important role in efforts to achieve the national Net Zero Emissions (NZE) target, especially to offset emissions from sectors that are difficult to reduce their emissions, especially the energy sector, so that the ability to maintain the trend of net sinks after 2030 will determine the achievement of Indonesia’s NZE ambitions.

Significant efforts to reduce FOLU sector emissions and turn them into net sinks by 2030 (in the LCCP scenario) depend on the success of various efforts, such as:

  1. Reducing emissions from deforestation;
  2. Reduction of emissions from peatlands (peat decomposition and peat fires);
  3. Increasing the capacity of natural forests to absorb carbon through reducing forest degradation;
  4. Increasing the capacity of natural forests to absorb carbon through increasing natural regeneration;
  5. Application of sustainable forest management practices;
  6. Restoration and improvement of peat water systems;
  7. Forest restoration and rehabilitation (enrichment planting to increase carbon sequestration);
  8. Optimizing the use of unproductive land for the development of forests and agriculture as well as plantations;
  9. Increase in land productivity and planting index;
  10. Preventing the conversion of agricultural land into non-agricultural land in Java;
  11. Reduction of loss of agricultural produce and food waste (food loss and food waste).