Indonesia’s FOLU Net Sink 2030

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), on February 1, 2023, conducted a socialization regarding the FOLU Net Sink 2030 in Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). The activity was attended by the Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya Bakar, and the Governor of East Nusa Tenggara, Viktor Bungtilu Laiskodat, as the Keynote Speaker. Ministry officials and academic experts also attended the activity. This activity is a follow-up to the issuance of Presidential Regulation Number 98 of 2021 concerning implementing Carbon Economic Value (NEK) to Achieve Nationally Determined Contribution Targets and Control of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in National Development.

Maybe some of you don’t know what FOLU Net Sink is and why the government is targeting specifically that in 2030 this FOLU Net Sink can be achieved.

FOLU Net Sink is mentioned in Presidential Decree Number 98 of 2021 with a statement that the forestry sector GHG emission control mainly supports GHG emission reduction to become carbon storage/amplification in 2030 with a carbon net sink approach. Carbon Net Sink is a condition where GHG absorption from the atmosphere is higher than the emissions produced, while FOLU stands for Forest and Other Land Use or forest use and other land uses. So that the FOLU Net Sink is a mitigation action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry and land sectors with conditions where the absorption rate can be equal to or even higher than the level of emissions produced from these sectors; it is stated that FOLU or the forestry sector and the land itself are projected to contribute nearly 60% of the total greenhouse gas emission reduction target.

Indonesia’s national target in the FOLU Net Sink is that the forestry sector and other land use can achieve a net sink with an absorption value of 140 million tons of CO2e, and it is hoped that it will continue to increase until it reaches an absorption value of 340 million tons of CO2e. Through the LTS-LCCR (Long Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience) document, it is stated that with the most ambitious scenario, namely the LCCP (Low Carbon Scenario Compatible with the Paris Agreement target), Indonesia will increase its ambition to reduce GHG emissions with a peak of net national GHG emissions throughout the sector in 2030 amounting to 1,244 million tons of CO2e. It is hoped to reach net zero emission (NZE) more quickly in 2060. An LCCP scenario must be achieved in 2030, and a significant contribution from FOLU requires the government to create a program to achieve this target. Thus, FOLU Net Sink 2030 is important to be implemented and realize. It is hoped that with the FOLU Net Sink, Indonesia will be able to participate in the Paris Agreement.